[12] During the mid 1960s, North Korea stopped publishing economic statistics except for percentage increase over previous periods. The Chollima Statue is a monument on Mansu Hill in Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. [11], This Chollima movement, however, was not able to remain successful indefinitely. This statue was completed in 1961 and was built “to honour the heroism and invincible fighting spirit of the Korean people like the legendary winged horse Chollima that is said to cover a thousand ri in a day. 'Kim Il Sung's', special Write-up to Centerary of His Birth, Harrold, "Comrades and Strangers: Behind the Closed Doors of North Korea", p183, French, "North Korea: The Paranoid Peninsula", p77, Lee, "North Korea: A Strange Socialist Fortress", p28, Oh, "North Korea Through the Looking Glass", p51, period of massive energy shortages and severe famine, FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea). And why? The Chollima Movement (Korean: 천리마운동) was a state-sponsored Stakhanovite movement in North Korea intended to promote rapid economic development. The factory, however, was able to produce 120,000 tons, 60,000 tons more than its capacity. Mounted on the winged horse are a worker holding high the "Red Letter" of the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea and a young peasant woman holding a sheaf of rice.”[16], Chollima has been used as a brand name for trucks, buses, and tractors in North Korea. The term Chollima originates from the Chinese mythological flying horse. Chollima: A mythical North Korean winged-horse that fly up to 1,000 ri (Old Korean form of measurement) a day - it’s name literally means 1,000 ri horse. As a whole, Chollima serves as an interesting case study as to how East Asian mythology has been integrated into the political agenda of a socialist state. The chollima is an important symbol in North Korea because of how the creature is portrayed. [4] This idea of Chollima was used by Kim Il-sung to energize the workers in North Korea to bring the country out of the rubble of the Korean War to obtain a better life and a more prosperous country in a short amount of time. If the economy was to get better and production was to be improved, people simply had to work harder, as the slogan was put: “‘Let us dash forward in the spirit of Chollima”. The iconography of “Chollima” in the DPRK first emerged in the 1950s, its purpose is to draw upon local mythology for political mobilization, a common theme in the country what has also sought to draw upon the mythology of the legendary Mt. [11], The Chollima Work Team Movement was initiated by Chin Ung-won who organized fellow workers on his work team for the goal of achieving production far exceeding the quota assigned to them. For those who are vaguely aware, most are likely to association the icon of the winged flying horse with North Korea. Eventually the country’s growth began to slow down. In this case, the sentiment of a winged horse that was incredibly fast reflected superhuman qualities in that no mortal man could ride it, thus emphasizing that those who could were of a higher belonging and of superhuman achievement. [15] Chollima has since become an icon of North Korea. Economic output began to fall and by 1961 the nation was facing an exhausted labor force. A Chollima is a mythical winged horse which originates from the Chinese classics. In 1961, the famous Chollima Statue mentioned at the beginning of this article was constructed. He said, “Let us produce more, practice economy, and overfulfill the five-year plan ahead of schedule!”[7] Within four years the aims of the five-year plan were met. And why? [6] Kim Il-sung started the Chollima movement to motivate hard work for the sake of the nation to achieve the desired outcomes of the five-year plan. What is Chollima? Remarkably, in the short term this was a success: North Korea’s economy grew rapidly throughout the 1950s and the 1960s and was at this point in history even more prosperous than South Korea. North Korea experienced an annual industrial growth of 36.6 percent during the five-year plan. Human exhaustion also followed this movement. The winged horse was both incredibly fast but also reflected superhuman qualities in that no mortal man could ride it, thus emphasizing that those who could were of a higher belonging. The Chollima Movement was the first of many mass mobilization campaigns in North Korea, and probably the most famous one. Kim Jong-un has given field guidance to major industrial establishments, exactly as Kim Il-Sung had done in the past. The Chollima Work Team Movement gained 178,000 members less than a year and a half after its start. [9] This achievement was credited as lighting the torch of the Chollima movement. Kim Il-sung first introduced the term Chollima in December 1956,[5] shortly before the start of the 1957-61 five-year plan. 0672 - Nordkorea 2015 - Pjöngjang - Chollima Statue (22980660681).jpg 3,210 × 4,854; 4.62 MB Meyers, B.R. At a meeting of the Workers' Party of Korea held in December 1956, Kim Il-sung called on the nation to be more motivated in economic production. It basically could travel the whole length of the Korean peninsula in just one day which is approximately 393 kilometres. Several statues of the winged horse have been constructed throughout the country. Thus in the Chollima movement, the people of the DPRK were to be like the worthy riders of the winged horse which could travel up to 1000 miles a day, achieving incredible feats through virtuous political obligation to the collective goals of the state. And why does it matter? According to legends, Chollima was a winged horse that wanted to be tamed but no one could. [12] The Chollima Statue The Chollima Statue (천리마동상 | 千里馬銅像) is a monument on top of Mansu Hill next to the Mansudae Grand Monument — the large statues … North Korean workers have been depicted by the KCNA as being “filled with the will to strive for victory in the cause of building a thriving nation in hearty response to [Kim Jong Un’s] call "Forward towards the final victory!"[13]. Appearing in many East Asian cultures, “Chollima” literally translates to “thousand-li horse.” A “li” was a traditional Chinese unit of distance. [17][18] One of the lines on the Pyongyang Metro is called Chollima, as is the North Korean national football team. Chollima has since become an icon of North Korea. The economy was distorted as resources were shifted to extensively fund industries while neglecting other needed sectors. The Cleanest Race. Launched in 1956 or 1958,[1] the movement emphasized "ideological incentives to work harder" and the personal guidance of Kim Il-sung rather than rational modes of economic management.[2]. It worked to completely nationalize industry and agriculture and become largely self-sufficient in producing food, clothing, and housing for all of its citizens. This winged horse is said to be too swift and elegant to be mounted (by any mortal man). It is a country which prides itself on virtue, purity and moral excellence in comparison to the rest of the world, thus the people of the DPRK, who are expected to pursue a “superhuman effort” in pursuit of the Korean nation and its leadership, are worthy to be its riders and ought to be inspired by the idea. Even Kim Jong-il gave speeches praising Chollima until his death. The Chollima Movement was the first of many mass mobilization campaigns in North Korea, and probably the most famous one. This is just like the Pegasus where the horse has wings. A Chollima (also Qianlima, Senrima, or Cheollima, literally thousand-mile horse) is a mythical winged horse that originates from the Chinese classics and is commonly portrayed in East Asian mythology.

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