The immaterial intelligence or sentient part of a person. A number of studies cited in professional journals of social work, nursing, psychology, psychiatry, and medicine all show a positive correlation between spirituality and mental/physical health (Corrington, 1989; Cousins, 1976; Fehring, Brennan, & Keller, 1987; Halstead & Fernsler, 1994; Koss, 1987; Krippner & Villoldo, 1976; Oxman, Freeman, & Manheimer, 1995; Simonton, Mathews, & Creighton, 1978; Sullivan, 1993). It can be a personal source of strength in coping with physical, emotional, or environmental stress. How do these factors relate to one another? Being that the purpose of this study was to conceptualize a model of spirituality it is essential that the definitions be explicitly established for the terms: conceptualization, model, and theory. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: With this understanding … Spirituality is clarified through its various definitions in the literature, and identification of component concepts: connectedness, meaning, transcendence, values and beliefs, energy and emotion. Theory – a formal description of an idea (Reynolds, 1971) or a statement of relationship between two or more phenomena (Slife & Williams, 1995). The methodology involves two phases. @article{be09b16a6a22441fb1f3e037362c65e5. The CRSJ counselling model positions cultural and systemic as two additional elements of a broad metatheoretical framework for case conceptualization. It is the crossroads of empiricism and rationalism, which provides philosophers with one point from which to begin a search for meaning. Spirituality involves beliefs about the nature of reality. Here, that body of research has been reviewed and analyzed, and a resultant values framework for workplace spirituality is introduced, … Seven pathways are developed through which spirituality engenders a wide range of salutary outcomes. A model is a visual tool used to illustrate, simulate, or predict the behavior of specific variables (Slife & William, 1995). In response to the question “Do you believe in a life after death?” 72% answered yes, 17% said no, and 10% were undecided (Mitchell, 1996). Conceptualization – is the basis for the written or formal theory (Reynolds, 1971, p.21). How do people define spirituality for themselves? Spirituality assumes that there is a spiritual reality in addition to the material ‘world’. The following research questions guided the investigation of the dimensions in the proposed construct of spirituality: 1. The regression was followed in an attempt to reach a useful term from which to build a conceptualization of spirituality. What are the dimensions involved in spiritual beliefs? The purpose of this study was to conceptualize a model of spirituality. Research on the topics of meaning, spirituality, and stress-related growth is proliferating, promising to illuminate these essential but relatively ignored aspects of human health and well-being. 2. 2. This format forced mutually exclusive responses ranging from ‘strongly disagree’ to ‘strongly agree’. Such a spiritual belief allows for the possibilities of an existence beyond the death of the human body. Based on these related definitions the author inferred that the spiritual is not material. The first phase used quantitative methods in order to identify and examine spiritual beliefs along hypothesized dimensions. The Council on Social Work Education’s (CSWE) Curriculum policy statement in 1992 recognized religious diversity as an important area for study. Studies could also investigate what kind of interventions can increase the strength of spiritual beliefs. Chapter 2 presents a review of the literature in the social sciences to support the claims that spirituality is important to social work and that there presently no agreed upon conceptualization for spirituality. A discussion of the practice and research implications that flow from the framework concludes the paper.". Philosophically one of the most essential questions one can ask is, “What is the meaning of life?” The sincere attempt to answer this inquiry reveals the most basic assumptions about who we are, what our relationships are, and what are our beliefs. The framework was developed further, through an extensive review of theoretical and empirical literature on spirituality, and findings of a concept analysis of spirituality. N2 - Integrating existing theory and research, this paper develops a theoretical framework of spirituality. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: With this understanding … Spirit was also defined in reference to the supernatural. Though spirituality is difficult to operationalize and measure, several previous studies have examined aspects of the role of spirituality in the recovery process. Supernatural was defined as relating to an order of existence beyond the visible observable universe (i.e., God or a god, demigod, spirit, or devil). Spiritual beliefs have the power to transform and maintain enormous changes in one’s perceptions, values, and behaviors. A conceptual model of spirituality using a psychological approach, De la crise comme complexe et rite de passage…. From a positivistic perspective the purpose of science is to help scientists formulate a coherent view or model or the world. Second, spirituality has recently been recognized as being in the realm of mental health practice by its inclusion of “V62.89 Religious or spiritual problem” (p. 685) and “316.00 Other or unspecified psychological factors affecting a medical condition,” with one example being “religious factors” (p. 678) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). Last, a model has utility for research because it offers a framework for empirical measurement (i.e., the strength of a belief system). An area of agreement was in the belief that there is an innate need for humans to search for meaning and purpose in their lives. Moreover, a model of spirituality with clearly defined dimensions would provide a framework for the construction of a spirituality scale. From a logico-empirical perspective a “scientific understanding of the world must make sense and correspond with what we observe” (Rubin & Babbie, 1997, p. 42). Integrating existing theory and research, this paper develops a theoretical framework of spirituality. Since the renaissance Western civilization has embarked primarily down the path of positivism and empiricism (Ray, 1996; Rubin & Babbie 1997). journal = "Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Social Work", https://doi.org/10.1080/15426432.2000.9960271. The model was built based data gathered via questionnaires utilizing Likert scaled responses. Conceptualization involves a process by which concepts are clarified and given definitions that make it possible to reach a reasonable degree of consensus and understanding.

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