Religion definition, a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs. There are two general approaches to defining… Religion helps meet our expressive emotional needs by providing a supernatural context in which the hard realities of human life— powerlessness, uncertainty, injustice, and the inevitability of death—can be given meaning and purpose. How should we define religion? Besides, it involves a well-organized study of various aspects of the societal life with regard to their religious views. Consequently, sociology of religion majorly involves the entire study of the societal culture. The structural-functional approach to religion has its roots in Emile Durkheim’s work on religion. It has a history traceable to Durkheim and Weber, perhaps Marx as well. Marx's views on the sociology of religion came from 19th century philosophical and theological authors such as Ludwig Feuerbach, who wrote The Essence of Christianity (1841). Feuerbach maintained that people do not understand society, so they project their own culturally based norms and values onto separate entities such as gods, spirits, angels, and demons. What is religion? As we see in the science which is a systematic body of knowledge dealing with cause and effect relationship of natural phenomena and sociology deals with the social phenomena. Durkheim argued that religion is, in a sense, the celebration and even (self-) worship of human society. Sociology of religion is the process of studying a certain community based on their religion and beliefs (Stotts 1). Sociology of Religion is a science- The sociology of Religion will be called science when it is adapt the exact definition, characteristics and methods which the pure sciences uses in daily life. Therefore, as both Tremlett and Hjelm suggested it is perhaps more amenable to, or palatable for, the uses put to it by politicians, journalists, and some of those involved in public policy. Yet, sociology of religion seems a narrower discipline, right? See more. There is an enormous variety of religious beliefs and practices globally, and the main problem with defining religion is to find a definition which encompasses this variety without including beliefs or practices which most people do not regard as religious. Meaning of sociology of religion. It is ostensibly science-based and data-driven. This book, first published in 1947, presents the then-new subject of sociology of religion in systematic and historical theology and in the science of religion, in political theory and the social sciences, in philosophy and psychology, in philology and anthropology.

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