At that time he will have already ridden 80 kilometers. Li estas biciklinta jam 100 kilometrojn kaj nun estas alvenonta al sia celo. Compound Tenses in English. Under different circumstances, the action would be in progress, would already have taken place or would be about to take place. When speaking Esperanto, using the simple tenses will usually be adequate. However, it’s worth noting that with compound tenses we can express finer nuances. Parolante Esperanton, uzante la simplajn tempojn kutime taŭgas. Example: ( Log Out /  Under different circumstances, the action would be in progress, would already have taken place or would be about to take place. Tamen, kun komponaĵoj, eblas esprimi la pli bonajn nuancojn de ideo. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. We can create present, past, future and conditional compound tenses. show special characters. Exercises. At a certain moment in the present an action is in progress, has already taken place or is about to take place. Parolante Esperanton, uzante la simplajn tempojn kutime taŭgas. Using -ont- within a verb: We stress that an action is about to take place at certain moment in time. We can compare -int- with perfect tenses in English (present perfect, past perfect, future perfect). Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. So to speak, compound tenses in English are one of them. Mi kantas = I sing. Luka estas alvenonta al sia celo. Konsiderante ĉi tiu fakto, tre ofte uzataj tempoj ne estas uzataj. We use the active participle to create compound tenses. Hodiaŭ Luka estas biciklanta de Hanovro al Herzberg. Change ). He is about to arrive at his destination. Simple Tenses vs. 2-6 “Talking About Yesterday’s Activities”, 2-8 “Talking About Last Year’s Activities”, 3-5 “Talking About Neighbors and Friends”, 3-10 “Getting Other People’s Opinions and Ideas”, 5-2 “Asking About Furniture and Places to Live”, 5-4 “Discussing Different Points of View”, 5-5 “Thinking About Possible Future Activities”. Look at the picture and complete the text. In order to do so, we use the corresponding form of esti and the active participle. Participles are verbal derivatives. We can compare -ant- with progressive tenses in English (present progressive, past progressive, future progressive). The work done by the affix in a simple tense form and … Compound Tenses – Exercises. He will be about to arrive at his destination. Verbs in Esperanto are not conjugated differently for each person i.e. We can compare -int- with perfect tenses in English (present perfect, past perfect, future perfect). Li estas biciklinta jam 100 kilometrojn kaj nun estas alvenonta al sia celo. For that reason, compound tenses are not used very often. He would be just about to reach his destiniation. We stress that an action is about to take place at certain moment in time. It is necessary to use the active participle to create compound tenses. A simple tense is usually enough to express yourself well when speaking Esperanto. If he wasn’t sick, Luka would have been riding his bike today. ( Log Out /  In order to do so, we use the corresponding form of esti and the active participle. At a certain moment in the past an action was in progress, had just taken place or was about to take place. Using -ant- within a verb: A compound tense form consists of several words, at least one of them an auxiliary. Ostensibly, compound tenses are more precise. However, with compound tenses it is possible to express the finer nuances of an idea. A simple tense is usually enough to express yourself well when speaking Esperanto. We stress that an action has already taken place by a certain moment in time. For that reason, compound tenses are not used very often. At a certain moment in the present an action is in progress, has already taken place or is about to take place. They express whether – at a particular time – an action is taking place, has already taken place or will soon take place. At five o’clock tomorrow Luka will be riding his bike. Hieraŭ, je la sesa Ben (bicikli) laŭ la strato. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Konsiderante ĉi tiu fakto, tre ofte uzataj tempoj ne estas uzataj. Luka kaj Mario estas farantaj ekskurson per bicikloj. A simple tense form of a verb is a single word, usually augmented by a suffix (less often a prefix). Today, Luka is cycling from Hanover to Herzberg. In Esperanto, there are six forms: We can compare -ant- with progressive tenses in English (present progressive, past progressive, future progressive). [Yesterday at 6 o’clock, Ben was riding along the street. We can create present, past, future and conditional compound tenses. At a certain time in the future an action will be in progress, will have already taken place or will be about to take place. ( Log Out /  At that time he had already ridden 80 kilometers. Compound Tenses - Kunmetaĵa Tensoj Ostensibly, compound tenses are more precise. However, in comparison to other tenses, compound tenses are considered slightly different because they allow us to precisely understand the timeline of the action. However, it’s worth noting that with compound tenses we can express finer nuances. Example: Active participles must match their subject in number. We stress that an action is taking place at a certain moment in time. He would have alreadey ridden 80 kilometers. La amikoj estas farantaj ekskurson per bicikloj. They express whether – at a particular time – an action is taking place, has already taken place or will soon take place. So, if the subject is plural, we use the plural form of the active participle. Using -int- within a verb: At a certain moment in the past an action was in progress, had just taken place or was about to take place. Present tense, with the ending -as. As you are probably already aware of, there are several tenses in English that allow us to handle the language for our purposes. At a certain time in the future an action will be in progress, will have already taken place or will be about to take place. Example: So, if the subject is plural, we use the plural form of the active participle. Verbs are not conjugated for person or number, only tense and mood. Compound Tenses "The distinction between simple and compound tenses corresponds to the distinction between affixes and words. display incorrect answers. Hodiaŭ Luka estas biciklanta de Hanovro al Herzberg. Ĉar li ne (kunporti) ilojn, li ne povis ripari la biciklon kaj devis puŝi ĝin hejmen. Today Luka is biking from Hanover to Herzberg. We stress that an action has already taken place by a certain moment in time. He was just about to arrive at his destination. Yesterday at 5 o’clock, Luka was riding his bike. He has probably already ridden 100 kilometers. They express whether – at a particular time – an action is taking place, has already taken place or will soon take place. Hodiaŭ Luka estas biciklanta de Hanovro al Herzberg. He is bicycle already 100 kilometers away and is now coming to his goal. Li (alveni) hejmen, kiam pneŭmatiko krevis. In Esperanto, there are four basic tenses: present, past, future and conditional. We stress that an action is taking place at a certain moment in time. Tamen, kun komponaĵoj, eblas esprimi la pli bonajn nuancojn de ideo. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Example: Li probable estas biciklinta jam 100 kilometrojn. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Li estas biciklinta jam 100 kilometrojn kaj nun estas alvenonta al sia celo. Hodiaŭ Luka estas biciklanta de Hanovro al Herzberg. Hodiaŭ Luka estas biciklanta de Hanovro al Herzberg. Esperanto has three simple (aoristic) tenses and three moods, which can be easily determined by looking at the ending of a verb. ( Log Out /  It is necessary to use the active participle to create compound tenses. Compound tenses are more precise. Active participles must match their subject in number. The tenses are quick and easy to learn because we only have to change the verb ending to indicate the tense. Given that fact, compound tenses are not used very often.

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