Twigs stout, reddish-brown, hairy at first, smooth with age. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or, Black Oak - Quercus velutinaBeech Family (Fagaceae). Cultivated, it grows on a great variety of sites and will reach commercial saw-log size on almost every soil type, but it is slow-growing and lacks the brilliant fall color that some other oaks have. Tree size: This tree usually grows to a height of 50 to 60 feet. Black oak can be difficult to transplant due to a deep taproot. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Tree & Plant Care. Oak wilt is a potential disease problem. A consistent producer of acorns, black oak feeds blue jays, woodpeckers, wild turkey, ruffed grouse, bobwhite, mice, squirrels, raccoons, and deer. Black oak and scarlet oak are both relatively short-lived (less than 120 years). This oak's inner bark, however, is yellow or deep orange and is used to make a yellow dye called quercitron. Acorns solitary or in pairs, reddish-brown, striped, oval with a rounded tip, ½ to 1 inch long. Quercus velutina, the black oak, is a species of oak in the red oak group (Quercus sect. Disease, pests, and problems. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Flower and fruit: Female flowers are inconspicuous; male catkins are pendulous. Trees are woody plants over 13 feet tall with a single trunk. End buds sharp-pointed, distinctly angled, covered with gray hairs. Historically, Native Americans used oaks to make a wide variety of medicines. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. Prune oaks in the dormant season to avoid attracting beetles that may carry oak wilt. In younger black oak trees, the barks is uniform and the color is gray, but when it matures the color would turn to black and getting thicker and has some wrinkles on it. Acorns ripen in autumn of second year. Black oak (Quercus velutina) or Eastern Black oak is a rather a small oak tree compared to other oaks with a height only up to 25 meters and 0.9 meters in its diameter. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. Often used as a wood substitute for red oak, black oak is a small to medium sized tree that prefers to grow on poor soiled hillsides instead of valleys where the bigger White and Red Oaks grow. As a large shade tree, it is less attractive than many of the other native oaks. The wood is usually of less value than red oak because the trees are often more open grown and tend to develop more branches. The black oak's common name refers to its nearly black bark. Recently these oaks have been declining, and public land managers are working to restore those areas to the original pine woodlands, currently one of our rarest forest communities. There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants. Male and female flowers appear on the same tree. Lumber from trees such as red or white oak, black walnut, paulownia, and black cherry is expensive, and a tree in your yard might contain an impressive quantity of wood. It is sometimes called yellow oak (Kentucky), yellowbark oak (Tennessee), or smoothbark oak (Georgia) depending on what State it is found. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Native habitat: Central and eastern North America in poor, dry soils. They are 5–10 inches long, 3–8 inches wide, dark and shiny above, pale and conspicuously fuzzy underneath. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. Lobatae), native and widespread in eastern and central North America. However, the black oak is not as common in the nursery trade because it can be difficult to transplant. The specific epithet, velutina, is derived from the Latin word for fleece, wool or down, vellus, which refers to this species' velvety winter buds and young foliage. It is sometimes called the eastern black oak.

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